Asia has both the highest and the lowest points on the surface of Earth, has the longest coastline of any continent, and is subject overall to the world’s widest climatic extremes. Puskar Camel Fair | © Arindam Mitra / Flickr. A historical movement of population from the arid zones of Central Asia has followed the mountain passes into the Indian subcontinent. Cambodia has a lot to offer potential expats. Here is a collection of 18 photographs that capture the impressive spectrum of experiences that constitute everyday life in India. Thailand lies at the heart of Southeast Asia, with Cambodia to its east, and Malaysia to the south. The tallest peak in the world, Mount Everest, which reaches an elevation of 29,035 feet (8,850 metres; see Researcher’s Note: Height of Mount Everest); the lowest place on Earth’s land surface, the Dead Sea, measured in the mid-2010s at about 1,410 feet (430 metres) below sea level; and the world’s deepest continental trough, occupied by Lake Baikal, which is 5,315 feet (1,620 metres) deep and whose bottom lies 3,822 feet (1,165 metres) below sea level, are all located in Asia. It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass. Hinduism has been mostly confined to the Indian subcontinent. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription.

Exhilarating, comfortable, and affordable are just some of the ways expats describe their life in Asia. In geologic terms, Asia comprises several very ancient continental platforms and other blocks of land that merged over the eons. Updates? From the tropical climate and the tempting cuisine to the welcoming culture and the pulsing nightlife, there’s something for everyone in Thailand. Asia is separated from North America to the northeast by the Bering Strait and from Australia to the southeast by the seas and straits connecting the Indian and Pacific oceans. Mount Everest (left centre) in the Himalayas, seen from the Plateau of Tibet. The sea is an integral part of daily life for a considerable part of India, which is enveloped by the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal around the majority of its borders. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. When Western explorers reached South and East Asia in early modern times, they extended that label to the whole of the immense landmass. Fishermen at work Sridharan Chakravarthy / Flickr Bazaars in India are richly diverse and uniquely dynamic. Simply enter your e-mail below to subscribe to International Living’s free daily e-letter and we’ll immediately send your free report–The World’s Top 10 Retirement Havens. Omissions? Sort out the facts in this quiz all about the diverse countries and cities around Asia. For those looking to relocate in Asia, Thailand, Malaysia and Cambodia are among the best places to live. For those looking for adventure, Cambodia won’t disappoint. Mysterious temples may ignite your imagination, or perhaps fried cricket will interest your taste buds? (Although New Guinea is mentioned occasionally in this article, it generally is not considered a part of Asia.) Asia is a very diverse continent which leads to diverse culture as well. Former Senior Scientist, Geographical Museum, Moscow M.V. Of those, only Christianity developed primarily outside of Asia; it exerts little influence on the continent, though many Asian countries have Christian minorities. There is a concentration of population in western Asia as well as great concentrations in the Indian subcontinent and the eastern half of China. Religion plays an important part in the daily lives of most Indians. The land boundary between Asia and Europe is a historical and cultural construct that has been defined variously; only as a matter of agreement is it tied to a specific borderline. The farthest terminal points of the Asian mainland are Cape Chelyuskin in north-central Siberia, Russia (77°43′ N), to the north; the tip of the Malay Peninsula, Cape Piai, or Bulus (1°16′ N), to the south; Cape Baba in Turkey (26°4′ E) to the west; and Cape Dezhnev (Dezhnyov), or East Cape (169°40′ W), in northeastern Siberia, overlooking the Bering Strait, to the east. This article surveys the physical and human geography of Asia.

More than half of India’s population is dependent on agriculture, making the farm one of the most potent symbols of the country. The country tied for first place in the Cost of Living category in International Living’s Annual Global Retirement Index 2014. Accreting sandy beaches also occur in many areas, such as along the Bay of Bengal and the Gulf of Thailand. Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent.

Related topics are discussed in articles on religion (e.g., Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam) and arts and literature (e.g., Chinese literature, Japanese literature, Central Asian arts, Southeast Asian arts, and South Asian arts). Asia’s population is unevenly distributed, mainly because of climatic factors. The islands—including Taiwan, those of Japan and Indonesia, Sakhalin and other islands of Asian Russia, Sri Lanka, Cyprus, and numerous smaller islands—together constitute 1,240,000 square miles (3,210,000 square km), about 7 percent of the total. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The principal treatment of Asian historical and cultural development is contained in the articles on Asian countries, regions, and cities and in the articles Palestine, history of and Islamic world.

Cambodia, like Malaysia and Thailand, offers a low cost of living and a tropical climate. High pass through the Himalayas, Tibet Autonomous Region, China, part of the historic caravan trail to the Central Asian trade routes. More recent migrations have originated in China, with destinations throughout Southeast Asia. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). From the most densely populated desert in the world – the Thar – to the cold desert of Ladakh, the range of experiences that constitute daily life for Indians is unimaginable.

When we talk about Asian countries, we don’t only talk about one or two nations.

Paleozoic events in the continental nuclei, Mesozoic events in the continental nuclei, Mesozoic events in the circum-Pacific orogenic belts, Cenozoic events in the Alpide plate boundary zone and in the Arabian and Indian cratons, Cenozoic events in the island arcs and the marginal basins, Prehistoric centres and ancient migrations, National Geographic - Asia: Physical Geography, Asia - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Asia - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Researcher’s Note: Height of Mount Everest. The country also has a unique blend of cultures, a stable political system and world-class health care. Culture Trip stands with Black Lives Matter.

The low cost of living, excellent health care and stunning scenery are some of the reasons why many expats choose to start a new life in Asia. Most of those units had coalesced as a continental landmass by about 160 million years ago, when the core of the Indian subcontinent broke off from Africa and began drifting northeastward to collide with the southern flank of Asia about 50 million to 40 million years ago. Çanakkale, Turkey, on the southern coast of the Dardanelles.

The Korean and Japanese peoples and, to a lesser extent, the Chinese have remained ethnically more homogeneous than the populations of other Asian countries.

Trading, shopping or just browsing through local markets is an integral part of everyday life for most Indians. Islam has spread out of Arabia eastward to South and Southeast Asia. Asia is more a geographic term than a homogeneous continent, and the use of the term to describe such a vast area always carries the potential of obscuring the enormous diversity among the regions it encompasses. For in-depth treatment of Asia’s major geographic features, see specific articles by name—e.g., Pamirs, Gobi, and Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent. For those looking to relocate in Asia, Thailand, Malaysia and Cambodia are among the best places to live. From Mumbai and Delhi to Guwahati and Surat, urban India is a vibrant and cutting-edge world of its own. From the inescapable allure of local markets to the integral role of religion in public life, these photos each capture unique aspects of Indian life.

The impact and pressure continue to raise the Plateau of Tibet and the Himalayas. The Greeks used it to designate the lands situated to the east of their homeland. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. For discussion of major cities of the continent, see specific articles by name—e.g., Bangkok, Jerusalem, Beijing, and Seoul. The mountain systems of Central Asia not only have provided the continent’s great rivers with water from their melting snows but also have formed a forbidding natural barrier that has influenced the movement of peoples in the area. The northeastward movement of the subcontinent continues at about 2.4 inches (6 cm) per year.

From bustling modern cities to remote island paradises, daily life varies greatly. In addition, the peoples of Asia have established the broadest variety of human adaptation found on any of the continents. Asia has the highest average elevation of the continents and contains the greatest relative relief.

How to Move Out of the US (and Where to Go): Subscribe to IL at a discount, and get a Blueprint for Your Escape, FREE... about subscribing to International Living Magazine, 5 affordable Caribbean islands to live on and 2 to avoid, 7 of the Best Cities in Spain for Your Retirement, Everything You Need to Know About Roatan Honduras. Asia is a wildly diverse place.