Besides, the eating routines also matters. Estrogen therapy and anti-fibronolytic drugs such as the tranexamic acid is also adminstered. There are very few severe GAVE cases that might lead to excessive blood loss and need a blood transfusion, but if not treated on time, watermelon stomach can be very harmful. Watermelon stomach (WMS), or gastric antral vascular ectasia, is an uncommon but clinically important cause of chronic occult or overt gastrointestinal (GI) blood loss.

Due to the low iron levels in blood and excessive blood loss, a person feels very weak and gets tired easily. There is a special diet that needs to be followed while suffering from the watermelon stomach. The stool test is the first diagnosis to determine whether the bleeding is happening from the abdomen or lower abdominal area. In this liver disease, the tissues of the liver get replaced by the scar tissues and the functioning of the liver becomes lesser and lesser with time. Typical causes that are to be included in an adequate differential include portal hypertension and gastric/duodenal ulcer. Blood Transfusion – In the case of excessive blood loss, transfusion of blood is done.

GAVE is treated with treatment through the endoscope, including argon plasma coagulation and electrocautery. Hypergastrinemia is a condition in which excessive secretion of gastrin happens which leads to the extra production in the gastric acids.

The bleeding is similar to the one experienced during stomach ulcer. Since liver cirrhosis causes an enlargement of the collateral veins and the spleen, blood pressure rises. Watermelon Stomach in District of Columbia. Following this restricted diet helps the person heal better and faster. So, in the case of abdominal bleeding such medicines are eliminated from a person’s diet by the doctor. This not only restores the blood in the body but also helps the person to reach a healthy blood level. This is a very rare disorder and it is very tough to diagnose the exact cause of the watermelon stomach. Duodenal Ulcers – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Diet. It is a rare condition which is cause by the chronic gastrointestinal bleeding or iron deficiency anemia. | About Team.

The older people do not have a strong immune system and their bodies need a lot more time to heal. Take a look at the picture of watermelon stomach…. This is usually done as a last measure when the symptoms are very severe and the exact cause cannot be found. At the time of diagnosis, blood transfusions and iron supplements are generally prescribed especially if the bleeding is severe. Even though the exact cause of the disorder is yet to be found, there are a few hypotheses that have been given about the condition. The person feels dizzy and unable to perform even the normal daily tasks. The liver disease leads to higher blood pressure in the veins. Although the exact reason for watermelon stomach continues to be a mystery, individuals suffering from chronic conditions like systemic sclerosis, cirrhosis, CREST syndrome and autoimmune disease are frequently diagnosed with it. Occasional stomach cramps similar to the ones that happen during stomach ulcer might cause mild to severe pain. Foods rich in fibers, whole grains, fresh fruits, and vegetables should be consumed. The blood that is accumulated in the stomach comes out of the mouth along with mucus and some stomach juices. In addition to this, in some people, the blood loss continues even after the treatment and the transfusion has to be repeated again. Endoscopic Ablation – In endoscopic ablation, the lesions are removed from the abdominal tissues. Gastric antral vascular ectasia, hemobilia, Cameron sores, Dieulafoy Lesions, aortoenteric fistulas, upper intestinal growths, hemosuccus pancreatic us and portal hypertensive gastropathy are amongst the intermittent causes that are to be consisted of in an appropriate differential.

Anemia is the deficiency of iron in the blood. GAVE disease. Estrogen therapy and anti-fibronolytic drugs such as the tranexamic acid is also adminstered. Watermelon Stomach or the Gastric antral vascular ectasia, GAVE for brevity, is a condition where there is improper function especially in the antrum or the last part of the stomach. Distension caused by vasculitis, conditions that hamper the functioning of the intestinal system, trauma to the abdominal area, cirrhosis or tomb’s disease is the reason for the appearance of the dilated capillary in the antral part of the stomach. The blood loss in vomiting combined with the blood loss in stools is the major reason for anemia. People who are most prone to develop this condition generally have huge bowel obstruction, irritable bowel syndrome and chronic constipation. Watermelon stomach is observed in the people of all ages but is mostly seen in older women of the age 70 and above.

GAVE can be of acute or chronic type causing momentary or prolonged blood loss from the stomach. This involves a jet of ionized argon which is passed through the endoscope. Watermelon Stomach or the Gastric antral vascular ectasia,is treated through endoscope and argon plasma coagulation and electrocautery. There is a special diet that needs to be followed while suffering from the watermelon stomach. It is very important to instantly seek advice from a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms so that your condition is appropriately detected and treated as quickly as possible. Natural cures for better health and a healthy lifestyle are now available. Foods rich in fibers, whole grains, fresh fruits, and vegetables should be consumed. We also don't show you Personalized Ads. There are also diseases like Proliferation of neuroendocrine cells, abdominal trauma, heart disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, autoimmune disease and much more that causes watermelon stomach. Treatment of watermelon stomach has been performed successfully with hormone therapy (progesterone and estrogen), tranexamic acid and corticosteroids. Gastrointestinal bleeding is the most prominent sign of watermelon stomach which can cause following symptoms: In addition to these symptoms, patients of watermelon stomach might also experience other symptoms like chronic headaches, shallow breathing and sensations of weakness or tiredness.

The treatment is either done simply with drugs or surgery is required if the symptoms are very severe.

This can sometimes lead to anemia in many older women. Biopsy – This is usually done to confirm the test done by endoscopy. An endoscopy can quickly expose the characteristic watermelon stripes of this condition. Even with medication, in some cases, blood loss is so much that the body is unable to cope up with it and it leads to acute anemia. Because the blood vessels make red streaks inside and outside the stomach similar to the streaks on a watermelon, this condition is typically referred to as watermelon stomach. Blood in vomit or Hematemesis is a condition in which a person starts throwing up blood. Such people might not have the radiating patterns and rather have diffuse antral angiomas. Rashes and bruises get formed in the lining of the stomach or the intestine. The stools seldom cause pain or discomfort. Although women above the age of 50 who have been detected with any autoimmune disease, irritable bowel syndrome, an abdominal injury or cirrhosis are probably to struggle with this condition, it can occur to anyone. Stool test – This test is done to detect the blood in the stool which is caused due to bleeding in abdominal area. But the drawback to this is that it is not permanent and has to be done again and again.

In this disease, the inner lining of the stomach bleeds and forms lines like a watermelon skin when seen through an endoscope. Patients usually complain of increased heart beats or a pounding noise coming from the heart known as palpitation. Surgery – If the liver or any other organ is involved in the stomach bleeding, an exploratory surgery is done to determine the exact cause of the bleeding. Along with the medicinal and surgical procedures, some natural remedies can also be applied to treat watermelon stomach such as: The health information provided on this web site is for educational purposes only and is not to be used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Foods rich in iron should also be consumed to cope up with the iron deficiency in the blood. J. Surg. Although the diagnosis is based primarily on the … The presence of long streaky red areas in the stomach similar to those features of a watermelon. Also, if a person feels shooting pain, cramps, vomiting, headache and stomach ache and if the situation is not diagnosed on time there might come a few complications and the blood loss can be deadly. Foods rich in iron should also be consumed to cope up with the iron deficiency in the blood.

There is a lot of fresh blood lost in the stools. Iron is very important for the transportation of oxygen to the body and if the body is deficient in iron, not enough oxygen can be transported to the organs which leads to many other serious health issues. In some cases, the blood loss in the stomach is so prolonged that blood transfusion is required. Medications.

Along with the acids, there are other juices like bile which are also somewhat acidic in nature gets secreted into the stomach. GAVE is treated with treatment through the endoscope, including argon plasma coagulation and electrocautery. The blood is usually maroon or black in color. Instead of big meals, try smaller sized however more regular meals to assist with digestion. In addition to this, the histopathological feature of GAVE can be characterized by spindle cell expansion, vascular ectasia and fibrohyanlinosis. Risk indicator in GAVE patients that have systemic sclerosis can be done through using anti-RNA polymerase III auto-antibodies. Patients typically present with symptomatic anemia and hemoccult positive stools. The body becomes deficient in hemoglobin. A histologic and morphometric study of 'the watermelon stomach'". If the watermelon stomach happens in combination with stomach ulcer, cirrhosis, scleroderma, CREST syndrome, metabolic syndrome and liver diseases, the conditions might get very serious and immediate medical assistance is required. The black and tarry stools are called melena and the red fresh blood stools are called hematochezia.