Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library, © 1998 - 2020 American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. His description of a Jewish wedding rings with a simple comic truth, and his recollection of the tiny details of life lend richness to our mental picture of this generation of Yiddish-speaking immigrants to Montreal. [9]

1 (1981): 1-19. Furthermore, the fact that the multicultural and predominantly Anglophone city of Toronto had become the home of Canada's largest Jewish community made the decision to leave even easier for Montreal's Jews, many of whose businesses and children had already relocated to Toronto. Levy-Ajzenkopf, Andy. In The National. During the past decade that authority has come into question for two reasons. The schools offer a wide range of ideological options, including Religious Zionist-Modern Orthodox, Yiddishist, Conservative, community, and ultra-Orthodox (including ?asidic). Jews of Montreal faced antisemitic policies in the predominantly Catholic and Protestant population, which prohibited Jews from attending Catholic schools, placed barriers for Jews in Protestant schools and even saw a Jewish quota placed in various faculties of McGill University between the 1930s and 1950s.

As a result, the community actively seeks immigrants but has found that the supply is insufficient to maintain the population size. Abraham Moses Klein was a Canadian poet, journalist, novelist, short story writer and lawyer. The Museum is currently offering online programming. The raison d'être of the PQ is making Quebec an independent sovereign state, a goal that few in the Jewish community share. Among the factors that they considered were the deleterious effect of separatism on the economic climate, the accentuation of the minority status of anyone other than the French Québécois, the political uncertainty associated with the secession option, and a general fear of nationalism.

The result was most embarrassing for both the community and the government, especially because of the way that opponents succeeded in ridiculing the government for proposing to channel additional public funds to the affluent Jews. Although associated primarily with the development…, Kitty Wintrob, author of I’m Not Going Back. Yet scholars insist that the Jews of Montreal did not fear the rise of separatism when the movement was in the hands of peaceful, democratic and diplomatic leaders such as Rene Levesque. Smaller proportions came from Western Europe, Israel, and the United States. In 1971, over 39 percent of Canada's Jews lived in Montreal. Ever since the Parti Québécois (PQ) became one of the two main provincial parties in 1970, the issue of secession has bedeviled the political scene. The community reached its peak population of nearly 120,000 during the 1970s but has been in decline since then due to out-migration, mainly to other cities in Canada. École Maïmonide is a French-language Jewish day school in Montreal, Quebec. One concrete manifestation was the Jewish Federation, now known as Federation CJA, formed in 1965. [2] In 1921, Greater Montreal had 45,802 Jews, with 93.7% of them being in the City of Montreal. Despite Canada's poor record of Jewish immigration between 1933 and 1948, Montreal became home to the world’s third-largest concentration of Holocaust survivors , most of them Yiddish speakers. By 1901 there were about 7,000 Jews. Originally the public school system was confessional, with parallel Catholic and Protestant schools. Jewish architects – Max Kalman, Max Wolfe Roth, David Fred Lebensold and Moshe Safdie, among others – and artists became prominent through their design of important city buildings. Eventually narrowing his focus upon the Montreal community, King discusses early landowners such as Lazarus and Phoebe David, whose son, David David, became the first Jew born in the city (about 1764). The reasons for their exodus can be traced to no specific sources or events, and what makes the history of the Jewish departure from Montreal truly fascinating is that their decisions were informed significantly by historical knowledge of previous nationalist movements, instinct, and political forecasting. There is also a substantial number of French-speaking Mizrahi and Sephardi Jews, originating from former French colonies in the Middle East and North Africa. Among the prominent examples since 1970 are the federal minister of justice and former president of the Canadian Jewish Congress Irwin *Cotler , the Quebec minister of revenue Lawrence Bergman, Victor Goldbloom, Gerry Weiner, Sheila *Finestone , Herbert Marx, and Robert Libman. A comparison of Montreal's Jews with the non-Jewish population shows that there is a bulge in the over-65 category (21.6 versus 11.9 percent) and a shortfall in the 25–44 group (21.6 versus 32.0 percent). Montreal's Jews were 25.1 percent of the countrywide Jewish population and had a higher median age (41.8 years) than Jews nationwide (40.2). Issues involving marriage are more open, with traditional norms generally prevailing except among the most liberal groups.

Viewpoints 1969, 22. from the August 2007 Edition of the Jewish Magazine, Please let us know if you see something unsavory on the Google Ads and we will have them removed. The grave of Lazarus David was the oldest Jewish grave in Montreal; it was dated to 1776. [2] Jewish politicians were often elected federally in the ridings of Cartier, which exclusively elected Jewish MPs for its entire history from 1925 until it was abolished in 1966, and Mount Royal. As a result of this prejudice, the relationship between French-Quebecers and Jews could never truly be described as harmonious.

Close to 25% of Montreal's Jewish population have French as their mother tongue.

The Jewish Public Library and the Montreal Yiddish Theatre are two examples of institutions with deep roots in the community.

In 2011, the Jewish population of Montreal was approximately 91,000, with over 40,000 Jewish households. In addition, there is a considerable amount of tolerance.

In Quebec City, a small Jewish population of 100 families successfully fought politicians for the right to erect a synagogue, only to have it burned down on the eve of its opening. I am a Jewish Montreal and just saw your post! Between 1904 and 1914, Montreal saw the largest wave of Jewish immigration, with many Jews arriving to the city from Eastern Europe fleeing from antisemitism and violent pogroms. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Contemporary Jewry serves as the single source for the social scientific consideration of world Jewry, its institutions, trends, character, and concerns.

Medres’s essays bring Yiddish Montreal to life. The initial Jewish fears of the Quebec separatist movement stemmed from a communal knowledge of the history of nationalism. As a staff writer for the Keneder Adler, Montreal’s Yiddish-language newspaper from the early years of the last century, Israel Medres penned innumerable short, informative essays on various aspects of Montreal Jewish life.

During the early years of the 21st century, *Chabad has energetically tried to extend its impact in the community beyond traditional Lubavitcher ?asidim by establishing a major presence in both Hampstead and Côte St. Luc. The Canadian Jewish Congress, which had been the dominant representative body of Canadian Jewry for nearly a century, never established a solid fundraising base.

We recommend booking Museum of Jewish Montreal tours ahead of time to secure your spot. The same was largely true in the business world as well.

From the 1940s to the 1960s, the man generally recognized as the chief spokesman for the Canadian Jewish community was Rabbi Abraham Feinberg of the Holy Blossom Templein Toronto. The Sephardim, largely French-speaking, have become increasingly important during the past 20 years.

For many Jews in Montreal, these new language laws were the final straw. A great storm was approaching in the form of the Parti Quebecois, Quebec's increasingly popular separatist party. "A French Canadian Looks at the Jews." Dr. Arthur Wolak is a business executive, writer, and member of the board of governors of Gratz College.

Although Jewish name-changing was widespread throughout the United States and Canada throughout much of the 20th century, no one has studied this interesting phenomenon at book length until now.

© 2011 Springer Approximately one third of the Jewish population was born outside Canada.

Rome, David. Jews constitute the seventh largest ethnic group in Montreal. By 1921, the Jewish population had grown to 60,000 and constituted the third largest ethnic group in Montreal behind only the French and the English. In the 1930s there was a Yiddish language education system and a Yiddish newspaper in Montreal. Jews comprise 2.4% of the city's total population. The departure of such a sizable portion of the community, especially younger people, is a major cause of the imbalance in the age structure of Montreal's Jews. 73, American Jewish Yearbook. [1] :31, Montreal has the second largest Jewish community in Canada, and about a quarter (23.2%) of the country’s Jewish population. Some of these minyanim have been formally organized as congregations in order to enjoy certain legal advantages. The Old Jewish Quarter doesn't really have any hotels close by. The age distribution suggests that the growing social and health care demands of the elderly will be increasingly difficult for the community to meet because of the small size of the key productive age cohorts.

All Rights Reserved. Shahar has conducted studies on Canadian Jews, as well as the first comprehensive community study of Hasidic Jews in Canada. These contributions are highlighted in the exhibition. Outremont is a federal electoral district in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1935. MONTREAL, Canada's second largest city and home to the country's oldest and second largest Jewish community, one that is well known for the overall quality of its Jewish life.Until the 1970s the community was the largest and most dynamic in Canada, but it has … The Montreal Jewish community definitely has it's perks. Many Montreal Jews who were children at the time and lived in these slums have distinct memories of being taunted or physically harassed by French-Canadian gangs. This partially explains why a higher percentage of non-Jewish Anglophones than Jewish Anglophones departed Montreal over the next 30 years. The Conservatives' decision to ordain women was the key precipitating factor. More recent arrivals include significant numbers of Russian Jews, Argentinian Jews, and French Jews as well as some Indian Jews, Ethiopian Jews and others. This article first appeared in the Jewish Independent newspaper.